The 3 varieties of coffee in the world

November, 27 2023

As a universally-appreciated beverage, coffee plays a key role in drinking habits across the globe. With over 2.25 billion cups consumed every day, it has been one of the world’s most popular drinks for centuries, connecting cultures and stimulating conversations.

1. Arabica coffee :

Arabica (Coffea arabica) is one of the most widely consumed and appreciated coffee species in the world. It owes its reputation to its complex aromas, smooth flavour and subtle notes. Arabica coffee contains less caffeine than Robusta, which possibly brings out a more delicate, less bitter taste.

Origin. Arabica beans are grown in various parts of the world, mainly in mountainous, high-altitude areas. Some of the most important areas of origin are:

• Latin America, with countries such as Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica and Peru producing substantial quantities of Arabica beans, each country bringing out unique flavour profiles.

• Africa, with countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania reputed for their high-quality beans.

• Asia, where countries like India and Yemen also produce popular Arabica beans.

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2. Robusta coffee :

Robusta (Coffea canephora) is another widely-grown coffee species. It is known for its higher caffeine content and more intense, often somewhat bitter taste. Robusta beans are rounder in shape and darker in colour than Arabica ones.

Origin. Robusta coffee is mainly grown under hot climates and at lower altitudes than the Arabica variety. West African and south-east Asian countries are among the main producers of Robusta coffee, notably:

• Vietnam, which is one of the world’s largest producers of Robusta beans.

• Brazil which, though mainly known for its Arabica variety, also produces Robusta beans in significant quantities.

3. Organic coffee :

Organic coffee is grown using sustainable methods avoiding the use of chemical pesticides and favouring practices that are respectful of the environment.

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Origin. Grown in various parts of the world, organic coffee can be both of the Arabica and the Robusta variety. A number of countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia are committed to producing organic coffee.

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